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Understanding and Managing Different Types of Alopecia

Alopecia, or hair loss, encompasses various conditions that affect individuals in unique ways. Let’s delve into the different types of alopecia and their respective treatments.


Androgenetic Alopecia

Also known as male and female pattern baldness, androgenetic alopecia is hereditary and affects approximately 80% of men and 50% of women. It is primarily triggered by genetics and aging, typically impacting the crown or hairline.


Symptoms for Men:

  • Thinning crown
  • Receding hairline
  • Balding


Symptoms for Women:

  • Overall thinning
  • Widening part



While there’s no cure, treatments like Medication and Scalp Mesotherapy can halt progression. PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) stimulates blood flow to the scalp, promoting hair growth.


Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition, leads to patchy hair loss, not limited to the scalp. It results from the immune system mistakenly attacking hair follicles and may have a genetic predisposition.



  • Unpredictable hair loss
  • Patchy bald spots



  • Alopecia Totalis: Complete baldness on the head.
  • Alopecia Universalis: Total body hair loss, including eyebrows and eyelashes.



Alopecia areata often follows a cycle of hair loss and regrowth. Intervention treatments, including immunosuppressants, corticosteroids, and corticosteroid injections, can help.


Traction Alopecia

This form of hair loss arises from prolonged, excessive tension on hair follicles, typically due to tightly pulled hairstyles like ponytails, dreadlocks, and weaves.



  • Receding hairline
  • Patchy hair loss around the temples



Allowing hair to rest and adopting looser hairstyles promotes healing. Topical treatments, like antibiotics and corticosteroids, can soothe scalp tenderness.


Other Types of Alopecia

  • Alopecia Barbae: Autoimmune condition causing beard hair loss in patches. Treatable with medication and corticosteroids.
  • Cicatricial Alopecia (Scarring Alopecia): Rare inflammation-induced hair loss replaced by scar tissue. Early intervention is crucial; hair transplant surgery may be an option.
  • Postpartum Alopecia (Postpartum Telogen Effluvium): Hair shedding after childbirth due to hormonal changes. Usually temporary and resolves naturally.


Preventing Alopecia

Lifestyle adjustments, such as a balanced diet rich in protein and vegetables, exercise, and adequate rest, can support healthy hair. Minimise heavy styling and brushing.

Remember, understanding your specific type of alopecia is the first step towards effective management and prevention. Embrace a holistic approach for healthier, resilient hair.

If you are experiencing hair loss book your consultation with our Doctor to start your hair restoration journey.



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